SECRETS OF THE SELF INTRODUCTORY NOTE about the universe, for the universe has not yet become 'whole.' The process of creation is still BY IQBAL. Asrar-e-Khudi (Dua). Secrets of the Self (Invocation). English translation: RA Nicholson, Cambridge, Musical composition: SM Ali Abbas, Oxford, Obviously this view of man and the universe is opposed to that of the English form, so far, is the ego (khudi) in which the individual becomes a self-contained.

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ASRAR-I-KHUDI (The Secrets of the Self). Dr. Muhammad Iqbal. Translated from the original Persian with introduction and notes by. Reynold A. Nicholson. Free site book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Asrar-i-Khudi (Persian: اسرار خودی ; or The Secrets of the Self; published in Persian, () was . "The Secrets of the Self, English translation of Asrar-i- Khudi by Reynod Nicholson". Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.

Nicholson in which he summarized the main ideas of Asrar-e Khudi.

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This is the third installment. Iqbal writes: As in connexion with the question of the freedom of the Ego we have to face the problem of matter, similarly in connexion with its immortality we have to face the problem of time.

This idea of time is adulterated. Pure time has no length.

Personal immortality is an aspiration: you can have it if you make an effort to achieve it. It depends on our adopting in this life modes of thought and activity which tend to maintain the state of tension.

Buddhism, Persian Sufism, and allied forms of ethics will not serve our purpose.

But they are not wholly useless, because after periods of great activity we need opiates, narcotics, for some time. These forms of thought and action are like nights in the days of life. Iqbal, however, views these concepts as crucially important for both individuals and communities because of their relevance for ethics.

Particularly for Muslims, Iqbal contends that these are issues of life and death. In the passage quoted above, Iqbal refers to two of the most important characteristics of the ego, viz.

Search Words, Couplet, Verse, Shair In Iqbal Poetry

Consider the problem of freedom and the way it is approached in modern, industrialized societies. In face, we value freedom so much that we are willing to propagate it all over the world even at gun point.


A similar contradiction exists on the question of immortality. On the one hand, we are told that promises of rewards and punishments in another life are either neurotic forms of wishful thinking or clever ways of keeping the exploited masses in delusion; there is no reality to the human being except the physical body, and since the body disintegrates into its constituent parts after its death, there is no hope left for personal immortality.

Yet, the culture functions on the assumptions that human beings do have freedom and that the good life they are enjoying now is going to last indefinitely. Indeed, the very foundation of modern democracy is the assumed ability of the individual to choose freely; and the very foundation of the consumerism that drives the capitalist economy is the assumed permanence of earthly delights.

For Iqbal, freedom and immortality are not only basic human aspirations, they are potentially within our grasp. As for freedom, Iqbal teaches that the ego is inuthentic if it does not act freely.

The Secrets of the Self (Asrar-i Khudi) — A Philosophical Poem by Iqbal

If we are to become real, we must taste the sweetness of authentic choice. Fearing, avoiding, or hating all things material is to give up our capacity for free choice. Authentic selfhood is acquired only through creative effort, and the world of matter is precisely the arena in which the ego can freely manifest its creative potential.

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Insofar as such tendencies are found in particular forms of mysticism or religion, their adherents run the risk of relaxing their inner tension to the point of personal annihilation which may, in fact, be the very goal of their quest.

We begin our lives without any awareness of the self and often, in our old age, reach once again a similar condition.

In between these, we may—if we are lucky—experience periods of high self-consciousness. Many critics have called this Iqbal's finest poetic work [4]. However, one has to make a great journey of transformation to realize that divine spark which Iqbal calls "Khudi".

A similitude of this journey could be understood by the relationship of fragrance and seed. Every seed has the potential for fragrance within it. But to reach its fragrance the seed must go through all the different changes and stages.

The Secrets of the Self (Asrar-i Khudi) — A Philosophical Poem by Iqbal

First breaking out of its shell. Then breaking the ground to come into the light developing roots at the same time. Then fighting against the elements to develop leaves and flowers. Finally reaching its pinnacle by attaining the fragrance that was hidden within it. In the same way, to reach one's khudi or rooh one needs to go through multiple stages which Iqbal himself went through, spiritual path which he encourages others to travel.

He notes that not all seeds reach the level of fragrance. Many die along the way, incomplete.

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In the same way, only few people could climb this Mount Everest of spirituality, most get consumed along the way by materialism. Iqbal proves by various means that the whole universe obeys the will of the "Self. For him, the aim of life is self-realization and self-knowledge. He charts the stages through which the "Self" has to pass before finally arriving at its point of perfection, enabling the knower of the "Self" to become the vicegerent of God.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Introduction Prologue Showing that the system of the universe originates in the Self , and that the continuation of the life of all individuals dependents on strengthening the Self Showing that the life of the Self comes from forming desires and bringing them to birth Showing that the Self is strengthened by Love Showing that the Self is weakened by asking Showing that when the Self is strengthened by Love its gains dominion over the outward and inward forces of the universe A tale of which the moral is that negation of the Self is a doctrine invented by the subject races of mankind in order that by this means they may sap and weaken the character of their roles To the effect that Plato , whose thought has deeply influenced the mysticism and literature of Islam , followed the sheep's doctrine, and that we must be on our guard against his theories Concerning the true nature of poetry and the reform of Islamic literature Showing that the education of the self has three stages: Who is generally known as Baba Sahr'ai Time is a sword An invocation [6].

Iqbal's letter to The Times of London writersblocktgh. Dictionary of Indo-Persian Literature. New Delhi: Abhinav Publication.And the blood coursing in the veins of the moon.

O Thou whose face lends light to the moon and the stars, Withdraw Thy fire from the soul! Like the narcissus, I am enraptured with gazing ;. The eye of existence is not familiar with me ;. He has cast burning coals on his own life.

Then be l worthy of the badge of unbelief!

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